The Malaysian economy grew at a faster rate of 4.7 per cent year-on-year (y-o-y) in Q4 2018, supported by the expansion of domestic demand and net exports. Compared to Q4 2018, the economy expanded by 1.4 per cent in Q4 2018.
Investment sales jumped nearly fivefold to RM1.15bn in Q1 2019 from RM250m in Q1 2018. Funds continue to invest in private education as an alternative asset class to diversify their portfolio, as seen from the biggest investment deal in Q1 2019.
The office market remained favourable to tenants and the average occupancy rate remained stable at 80.0 per cent.
2018’s retail sales growth of 3.9 per cent fell short of expectation, with total sales value at RM103.7bn. Growth for Q1 2019 is forecasted at 3.1 per cent on a y-o-y basis.
Prices and rents for high-end condominiums improved marginally by 3.2 per cent and 1.1 per cent quarter-on-quarter (q-o-q) to RM1,049 per square foot (psf) and RM3.82 psf per month respectively.
The Malaysian gross domestic product (GDP) grew by 4.7 per cent y-o-y in Q4 2018 compared to 4.4 per cent y-o-y in Q3 2018.
Unemployment rate improved by 3.3 per cent in Q4 2018, compared to 3.4 per cent in Q3 2018.
Headline inflation declined from 0.5 per cent in Q3 2018 to 0.3 per cent in Q4 2018.
All sectors recorded growth in Q4 2018 except for the agriculture sector.
Consumer Sentiment Index (CSI) declined for the second consecutive quarter to 96.8 points in Q4 2018 from 107.5 points in Q3 2018.
Weak global conditions weighing down Malaysia’s economy.
The Malaysian economy grew at a faster rate of 4.7 per cent y-o-y in Q4 2018 compared to 4.4 per cent y-o-y in Q3 2018. The healthy growth was supported by the expansion of domestic demand and net exports. Private sector expenditure continued to be the main driver of domestic demand while uplift in real exports of goods and services contributed to the growth of net exports. Overall, the economy grew by 4.7 per cent in 2018 compared to 5.9 per cent in 2017.
The growth of household income fuelled the increase in household expenditure. It was facilitated by the Government’s measures to soothe the rising cost of living by providing special payments to civil servants and pensioners. However, owing to the moderation of the gross fixed capital formation, domestic demand saw a slowdown in growth rate at 5.6 per cent in Q4 2018, compared to 6.9 per cent in Q3 2018. Despite the stock up season in Q3 2018 due to the tax holiday, private consumption remained robust, growing at 8.5 per cent in Q4 2018 (Q3 2018: 9.0 per cent).
The Manufacturing sector grew by 4.7 per cent in Q4 2018, a 0.3 per cent decline q-o-q. This was contributed by the extended momentum in the electronic and electrical (E&E) and transport-related production. The expectation of higher trade tariffs due to the trade war resulted in the front-loading of exports globally. Overall, the decline in regional demand for resource-based manufacturers in primary and construction-related clusters resulted in a slight slowdown from 6.73 per cent in 2017 to 5.02 per cent in 2018 for the Manufacturing sector. This also caused the Business Conditions Index (BCI) to fall from 116.3 in Q3 2018 to 108.8 in Q4 2018.
Figure 1: Malaysia GDP growth
Source: Bank Negara Malaysia,
Department of Statistics Malaysia, NTL Research
Figure 2: Consumer Sentiments Index (CSI) and Business Conditions Index (BCI)
Source: Malaysian Institute of Economic Research, NTL Research
Figure 3: Exchange rate index of main trading partners of Malaysia vs USD
Source: Bank Negara Malaysia, NTL Research
The Services sector grew at a slower pace in 2018 at 6.9 per cent compared to 7.2 per cent in Q3 2018. However, it improved for the entire year of 2018 at 6.8 per cent whereas it was only 6.2 per cent in 2017. The growth was mainly supported by the expansion of consumer spending in wholesale & retail trade and information & communication. Higher production of oil and natural gas after the maintenance shutdown in Q3 2018 improved the performance of the Mining sector. Moderation of civil engineering and the special trade subsector affected the growth of the construction sector, while palm oil harvesting and rubber tapping activities saw a smaller decline in the agriculture sector.
After staying above the optimism threshold for two quarters, the Consumer Sentiment Index (CSI) dropped for the second time in 2018 to 96.8 points in Q4 from 107.5 points in Q3. The drop was due to the inflationary expectation in the near future.
The Ringgit appreciated slightly against the US Dollar in Q4 2018 despite cautious global investor sentiments. The faster pace of the US monetary policy normalisation prior to the downward revision of the US federal reserves also influenced the appreciation.
Despite the contractionary fiscal approach by the Government, the Malaysian economy is expected to grow moderately between 4.3 per cent to 4.8 per cent in 2019 due to the increasing private sector demand.
Investment sales started with a buzz as it jumped nearly fivefold compared to Q1 2018.
Funds continue to invest in private education as an alternative asset class to diversify their portfolio, as seen from the biggest investment deal in Q1 2019.
Many assets are expected to be active in the market at a more realistic price.
2019’s investment sales is off to a good start. Eight deals were announced in Q1 and these transactions are valued at slightly over RM1.15bn, nearly fivefold of RM250m in Q1 2018 (Figure 4).
Figure 4: Investment sales (RM m)
Source: NTL Research
Diversified assets to offload onto the market.
The biggest investment deal was the sale and leaseback of the Sunway University campus in Bandar Sunway and its related facilities with its sponsor, Sunway’s educational arm – Sunway Destiny. The value of the investment deal was RM550m with an estimated yield of 7.0 per cent.
As predicted in our last review, Government-linked companies (GLCs) will be actively restructuring and downloading property assets as well as being a net seller in the market. Prominently, Tabung Haji, the pilgrim fund will be undertaking an off-market deal with a Ministry of Finance (MOF) entity to offload some RM6bn worth of assets into a special purpose vehicle (SPV). As part of a restructuring exercise, Urusharta Jamaah will return the entity to financial health. Under its new board, Khazanah Nasional Berhad is also reportedly considering a divestment of its Legoland theme park in the Iskandar region with an indicative price of RM1bn as well as selling its Singapore assets developed in a joint venture (JV) under a government-to-government (G2G) arrangement, as part of the KTM rail land resolution in Singapore. The pension fund, also known as the Employees Provident Fund (EPF), is actively rebalancing its property portfolio with the sale of Wisma KFC. The fund is also actively seeking buyers for its other assets, such as Avillion Hotel in Port Dickson.
On a smaller scale, Boustead sold its 4-star Royale Chulan Bintang Hotel (399 rooms) at the popular tourist district of Bukit Bintang to Hotel Royal Ltd, an SGX listed company for RM197m in an open tender. This works out to approximately RM494,000 per room. The deal was brokered by Nawawi Tie Leung, part of the Edmund Tie & Company Group.
The other prominent deal was Menara MPL, an old integrated retail and office development at Jalan Raja Chulan, within the Golden Triangle. As part of its restructuring process, Malaysia Pacific Corporation, and its financier (via several auction attempts) have been trying to secure a buyer for this stratified asset for some years without success. The property was sold at RM189m to Asia New Venture Capital Holding, analysed at RM644 psf.
Other properties in the market include the newly completed Menara Celcom and various hotels seeking new owners.
Despite the challenging market, 2019 may turn out to be a bumper year for investment activities if the right buyers can be secured. Many assets are expected to be active in the market with a more realistic price expectation from owners.
Table 1: Key investment sales
Source: NTL Research
Total stock in Kuala Lumpur (KL) remained stable at 81.8m sq ft as there were no new completions in Q1.
Average occupancy rate in KL maintained at 80.0 per cent.
A minimal increment was recorded in the prime office rental index for the Golden Triangle, from RM7.21 psf to RM7.23 psf in Q1.
Capital value and yield remained unchanged.
Pressure on office rentals and occupancy rates are due to the large influx of office space.
There was no new office building completion in Q1 2019. However, approximately 3.8m sq ft of office space is scheduled for completion in 2019, all within the Golden Triangle. Making up 70.0 per cent of the incoming supply this year, The Exchange 106 is expected to welcome its first tenant in mid-2019.
The office rental index in the Golden Triangle continued to be passive with a marginal increase for prime buildings and a minimal drop for secondary buildings. This stood at RM7.23 psf and RM5.25 psf respectively.
KL Sentral, the largest transportation hub in Malaysia integrating all major railway networks, continued to generate high demand from multi-sector companies. Strong demand has led to an appreciation of 2.7 per cent in the rental index, with an average rent of RM7.10 psf in Q1. The average occupancy rate of prime office buildings in KL Sentral remained stable at an average of 96.0 per cent.
Ikhlas Point, a 12-storey office building (NLA: 54,046 sq ft) within The Horizon, Bangsar South, was sold at RM46m. Telekom Malaysia also intended to sell its Annexe 1 and Annexe 2 buildings situated at its headquarters, with a reserved price between RM273.4m and RM312m.
Figure 5: Prime & secondary rental indices – KLCC
Source: NTL Research
Figure 6: Office completed supply (sq ft, m)
Source: NTL Research
Figure 7: Prime office occupancy (%)
Source: NTL Research
WeWork,a NewYork-based co-working operator, will be opening its first co-working space in KL in Q2 2019. With a NLA of approximately 100,000 sq ft, it will be the largest office in Southeast Asia, accommodating a total of 1,900 members. Capitalising on its global network, WeWork aims to collaborate with the Government to assist private companies in Malaysia to expand their business internationally.
The office market continued to struggle with an oversupply of new buildings amidst subdued leasing activities. Ample availability of office space will push the rentals downward. However, prime office buildings will continue to maintain their rental rates.
Retail sales recorded a 3.9 per cent growth in 2018, below the expectation of 4.4 per cent y-o-y.
The existing supply of shopping malls in Klang Valley rose to 53.8m sq ft.
Central i-City opened its doors in March with 940,000 sq ft NLA.
Average overall occupancy for shopping malls in the Klang Valley is 91.0 per cent.
Dampening of consumer sentiments is reflected in retail sales, as growth rate eased to 2.7 per cent y-o-y. The retail industry expanded below the expectation of 4.7 per cent in Q4 2018.
Year-round performance, however, fell short of expectation with a growth of 3.9 per cent and a total sales value of RM103.7bn for 2018. The three months of tax holiday period coupled with festive seasons in H2 2018 failed to boost the overall sluggish retail industry.
Retail Group Malaysia (RGM) highlighted the supermarket and hypermarket subsector as the worst performer, which contracted by 4.0 per cent and 5.0 per cent for Q1 2019 and the whole of 2018 respectively. On the other hand, the pharmacy & personal care subsector was the best performer with a growth of 8.7 per cent for Q1 2019 and 10.2 per cent for 2018.
2018’s retail sales growth fell short of expectations with total sales valued at RM103.7bn.
The two biggest pharmacy operators in Malaysia, Watsons and Guardian, continued to revolutionise and offer fresh-to-market brands. In 2018, Guardian introduced W7, a London-based cosmetics brand, and Canmake, one of Japan’s most popular and affordable cosmetic brand in their stores. Meanwhile, Watsons brought in Klorane, a French botanical range of hair and personal care products. Watsons Malaysia recently opened its 500th store at Central i-City, incorporating sustainable design and innovative technologies such as a virtual reality fashion e-commerce, StyleMe, to showcase their products to customers in an engaging way.
Central i-City in Shah Alam opened its door in March, anchored by SOGO Department Store (NLA: 200,000 sq ft), Village Grocer (NLA: 40,000 sq ft) and TGV Cinemas with 1,800 capacity. The 940,000 sq ft mall is a JV project between Central Pattana, PCL, Thailand (CPN), with 60.0 per cent stake, and I-City Properties Sdn Bhd (ICP), an affiliate of Malaysian property developer I-Berhad with 40.0 per cent stake. Meanwhile, BMC Mall, located at Bandar Mahkota Cheras, had its grand opening after refurbishment. The mall was formerly known as AEON Mahkota Cheras and was sold to Foremost Wealth Management Sdn Bhd for RM87.8m in 2017.
Figure 8: Development pipeline supply (NLA) in KL (sq ft, m)
Source: NTL Research
Table 2: Selected upcoming malls in the Klang Valley, 2019
Area (sq ft)
Tropicana Gardens Mall
KIP Mall Desa Coalfield
Source: NTL Research
Following Parkson’s exit from Suria KLCC, the mall will inject RM50m to redevelop the 124,435 sq ft space to accommodate more than 50 F&B, cosmetics and fashion retailers. The redevelopment is scheduled to be completed by Q2 2020. Starhill Gallery, last renovated in 2005, will also undergo a major refurbishment as announced by the mall’s owner, Starhill Global REIT. This is following a conditional agreement with its current master tenant, Katagreen Development, to continue the master tenancy agreement for the next 19.5 years and the RM175m asset enhancement will result in a 1.5 per cent increase in the initial annual rents. Nawawi Tie Leung conducted the valuation and market study for the refurbishment plan of the mall.
Nestle (Malaysia) Bhd reported that its e-commerce sales had doubled on Shopee Malaysia within a year of its partnership. Nestle joined the platform in 2017 to widen its customer base. The solid performance placed Nestle as Seller of the Year at the Shopee Seller Awards 2018 in the grocery category.
Looking ahead, RGM maintained its retail sales forecast for 2019 to grow by 4.5 per cent. For Q1, the industry is estimated to expand by 3.1 per cent y-o-y, attributable to the growth in sales of pharmacy & personal care and department stores. Sales in Q2 is likely to perform better due to the festive season of Hari Raya. However, the increasing supply of malls is expected to intensify competition and mall owners need to be innovative and cautious in terms of tenant mix.
There was no completion of a high-end residential project in Q1 2019.
Over 4,600 units are slated for completion in 2019, with 54.0 per cent located in the city centre (Figure 9).
Prices and rents for high-end condominiums improved marginally by 3.2 per cent and 1.1 per cent q-o-q at RM1,049 psf and RM3.82 psf per month respectively (Figure 10).
Figure 9: Future supply of high-end condominiums in KL
Source: NTL Research
Figure 10: Price and rental indices of high-end condominiums in KL
Source: NTL Research
The Home Ownership Campaign (HOC) 2019 attracted 43,000 visitors over a three-day expo with about 500 residential units worth RM285m booked.
The residential market remained subdued, lingering in the mode of “self-correcting” in Q1. It was an outcome of various factors, such as soft demand, a high number of unsold residential properties and increased loan rejection.
According to the National Property Information Centre (NAPIC), condominiums priced above RM500,000 per unit significantly contributed to the unsold units in the market. As of Q3 2018, unsold houses in Malaysia increased by nearly 50.0 per cent as compared to the same period in 2017, a record high of 30,115 units worth RM19.54bn. Including serviced apartments and small offices/home offices (SOHOs), the total overhang units rose to 40,916 units with a value of RM27.38bn.
Overall, affordable housing was the key focus of the residential sector this quarter. Government interventions have been intensified to address property gluts, homeownership and affordability issues. The various initiatives announced by the Government for affordable housing include the provision of 1m affordable homes in the next 10 years; funding of RM1bn through affiliated banks; new National Housing Policy from 2018 to 2025 which emphasises on the rent-to-own scheme to increase the homeownership. This is followed by the Home Ownership Campaign (HOC) and Belanjawanku, a financial guideline for Klang Valley.
Due to the high loan rejections, the Government is also supporting the private sector-led ‘FundMyHome’ scheme which was launched in November 2018, where buyers pay 20.0 per cent of the purchase price to own a home without a bank mortgage and monthly repayments. The remaining 80.0 per cent of the property cost is to be contributed by the participating institutions. For buyers who need assistance to raise the 20.0 per cent payment, the Government has clubbed this scheme with the Depositku scheme, which provides first-time homebuyers under FundMyHome the flexibility to obtain a loan of up to RM30,000. The Home Ownership Campaign (HOC) 2019 held at the Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre from 1 to 3 March 2019, was a joint initiative between the Real Estate & Housing Developers’ Associations (REHDA), Ministry of Urban Wellbeing and Housing & Local Government Malaysia (KPKT). The event attracted more than 50 developers exhibiting their nationwide residential products. The expo was a flagship event for the six-month HOC 2019, from January to June this year.
During the period of HOC 2019, homebuyers are exempted from stamp duties for the purchase of residential units priced between RM300,000 to RM1m. Some attractive discounts and packages are also offered by the developers, such as rebates and freebies as well as a minimum committed 10.0 per cent discount on the selling price by all participating developers.
In the short to medium term, the residential market will remain challenging despite various approaches taken to boost property sales. The affordability will always be the focal issue among buyers due to increasing cost of living, low-income levels, and supply-demand mismatch.
Oversupply is weakening market sentiments. Thus, innovative product offerings need to be evaluated. For instance, co-living concept which is picking up in Asian countries, can be tested out in the Malaysian market.
Development pipeline/potential supply:
Comprises two elements:
1. Floor space in the course of development, defined as buildings being constructed or comprehensively refurbished.
2. Schemes with the potential to be built in the future, having secured planning permission/development certification.
The change in the total occupied or let floor space over a specified period of time, either positive or negative.
The change in the total floor space over a specified period of time, either positive or negative. It excludes floor spaces that are not available for occupation due to refurbishment or redevelopment, but includes new supply.
New supply refers to total floor space/units that are ready for occupation. Ready for occupation means practical completion, where either the building has been issued with a Temporary Occupation Permit (TOP) or Certificate of Completion and Compliance (CCC).
Prime office rent:
The highest rent that could be achieved for a typical building/unit of the highest quality and specification in the best location to a tenant with a good (i.e. secure) covenant.
(NB. This is a gross rent, including service charge or tax, and is based on a standard lease, excluding exceptional deals for that particular market).
Total accommodation in the private sector both occupied and vacant:
1. Purpose-built office buildings with Net Lettable area (NLA) of at least 150,000 sq ft.
2. Purpose-leased shopping centers, excluding hypermarket and stratified retail.
3. Non-landed residential projects with at least 10 strata dwelling units.
Floor space acquired for occupation or investment, including the following:
1. Offices let to an eventual occupier.
2. Developments pre-let or sold.
(NB. This includes subleases)
Take-up also refers to units transacted in the residential market.
Total space currently occupied or not available to let as a percentage of the total stock of floor space (NB. This excludes shadow space which is space made available for sub-leasing).
An area bordered by Jalan Tun Razak – Jalan Ampang – Jalan Maharajalela.
KL City Centre
An area bordered by Jalan Tun Razak – Lebuhraya Sultan Iskandar – Jalan Damansara – Jalan Istana.
Outer City Centre
An area that refers to the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur, excluding the area of KL City Centre.
Other City Area
An area comprising the districts of Petaling, Gombak, Klang, Hulu Langat, and Sepang in Selangor, and Federal Territory of Putrajaya.